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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 47-52

Distribution of dental schools in Brazil, 2015

1 Department of Social Dentistry, Piracicaba Dental School FOP/UNICAMP, Brazil
2 International Research Collaborative Oral Health Equity, University of Western Australia, Australia
3 School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Emilio Prado da Fonseca
Piracicaba Dental School, Unicamp, Avenue Limeira, 901, 13414 903 Piracicaba, São Paulo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.179534

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Introduction: The geographical distribution of dentistry schools has been the object of study in Brazil and in other parts of the world. Aim: To analyze the distribution of dentistry schools in Brazil by states and to correlate with the number of dentists in 2015. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The analysis of the courses distribution was carried out by states and categorized by public or private schools. All the institutions' addresses were geocoded and mapped to illustrate the spatial distribution of dental courses. To determine the association between the number of faculties by state and the number of dentists, the Spearman correlation test was applied with the level of decision (alpha = 0.05) for correlating the variables. Results: The distribution of schools and dentists were irregular. In 2015, there were 232 dental courses in operation; being 56 (24%) public and 176 (76%) private in Brazil, and all 26 states and the Federal District have dental courses. The Spearman test showed a strong positive correlation between the number of dental schools and the number of dentists. Conclusion: The distribution of dental schools has reflexes in the distribution of health professionals.

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