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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 58-64

Prevalence of gingivitis and associated factors in 13-16-year-old adolescents in Greece

Department of Pathological Anatomy, Medical School, University of Athens; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, 401 General Military Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos
35, Zaimi Street, PC 26 223, Patra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.179536

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Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis and investigate possible associations among gingivitis and socioeconomic, demographic variables and oral hygiene habits in a sample of adolescents in Greece. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 812 adolescents, 384 boys and 428 girls aged 13-16 years. All participants were clinically examined and answered questions regarding socioeconomic, demographic variables and oral hygiene habits. Statistical analysis of the questionnaire items was carried out by using a multiple logistic regression analysis models. Results: Five hundred and ninety-one adolescents were diagnosed as having gingivitis giving a prevalence rate 72.8%. Male gender (P < 0.05), lower parental educational (P < 0.01) and income level (P = 0.001), no regular dental follow-up (P < 0.001), no daily tooth-brushing (P < 0.001), no dental floss use (P < 0.001), presence of dental plaque (P < 0.001), and smoking (P < 0.001) were the most important associated factors of gingivitis. Conclusion: The study showed that gingivitis was associated with male gender, lower educational and income parental level, inadequate oral hygiene, the presence of dental plaque and smoking while the prevalence of this condition in the study sample was 72.8%.

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