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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-24

Is fluoride still a pivot of preventive dentistry?


1 Department of Community Dentistry, HPGDC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Dentistry, Dental College, Mullana, Ambala, India
3 Department of Periodontics, HPGDC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Poonam Mahajan
Department of Community Dentistry, HPGDC, Snowdown, Shimla 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.106797

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Fluoride is considered the corner stone of the preventive dentistry. Fluoride has both beneficial and detrimental effects on human health. In terms of dental health, the prevalence of dental caries is inversely related to the concentration of fluoride in drinking water; while there is a dose-response relationship between the concentration of fluoride in drinking water and the prevalence of dental fluorosis. Fluoride has a statistically significant association with a wide range of adverse effects like increased risk of bone fractures, decreased thyroid function, and lowered intelligent quotient, arthritic-like condition, early puberty and possibly, osteosarcoma. The aim of the present review is to discuss the current status of fluorides in dentistry in view of its benefits and adverse effects.


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