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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-141

Biological width: No violation zone


1 Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 House Surgeon, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashu Sharma
Department of Prosthodontics, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, 5/3 Hosur Main Road, Opposite Lakkasandra Bus Stop, Wilson Garden, Bangalore - 560 027, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.105353

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Maintenance of gingival health is one of the keys for the longevity of teeth, as well as for the longevity of restorations. The concept of Biologic width has been widely described by periodontists and restorative dentists. An adequate understanding of relationship between periodontal tissues and restorative dentistry is paramount to ensure adequate form, function and esthetics, and comfort of the dentition. While most clinicians are aware of this important relationship, uncertainty remains regarding specific concepts such as biologic width and indications and applications of surgical crown lengthening. These violations lead to complications like gingival inflammation, alveolar bone loss and improper fit of the restorative component. This review gives the wide aspect of the complex question of biologic width and represents an attempt to answer some of the demands in relation to it. The article also discusses the possible methods to assess biologic width, problems that occur after improper margin placement in the periodontium and the alternative procedures for prevention of biological width violation.


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